What Is a Form-Based Code?
A Form-Based Code (FBC) is a way of regulating land development to achieve a specific urban form by using physical form (rather than separation of uses) as the organizing principle for the code. Form-Based Codes stand-in predictable built results and a high-quality public realm by using physical form as the organizing principle, with a lesser focus on land use, through municipal regulations. A FBC is a regulation, not a mere guideline, adopted into city, town, or county law and offers a powerful alternative to conventional zoning regulation.
Form-Based Code is new answer to the modern challenges of urban streets, relapse of historic neighborhoods, and neglect of pedestrian safety in new development. Tradition has declined as a guide to development design, and the implementation by cities of single-use zoning regulations has discouraged compact. Form-Based Codes are a tool to address these problems, and to provide governments means of achieving development objectives in a greater way.
This method of conventional zoning’s focus on the micromanagement and segregation of land uses, and as we said help in the control of development intensity through abstract and uncoordinated parameters to the desertion of an integrated built form. Not to be confused with design guidelines or general statements of policy, form-based codes are regulatory, not advisory. They are drafted to implement a community plan.
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